Day 3. Continuing the Ceramics Trail in Stoke-on-Trent

It was slightly overcast as we checked out of the Trentham Travelodge which had been an excellent base for touring The Potteries.  We drove into nearby Hanley for breakfast which we enjoyed in the Reginald Mitchell pub named after the inventor of the Spitfire.  The building was once a meat market and its glass roof can still be seen in the pub today.

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Reginald Mitchell pub in Hanley, Stoke-on-Trent

Feeling energised after our bacon rolls and cappuccinos we returned to the car and fifteen minutes later arrived in Burslem to visit Middleport Pottery in good time for the 11.00 a.m. factory tour.  We collected our tickets from the visitor centre (adult tickets £9.50) including entrance to the heritage areas of this wonderfully preserved Victorian factory.

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Middleport Pottery, Burslem

The factory was at risk of closure in 2012 due to the poor state of the buildings but later that year the Prince’s Regeneration Trust stepped in to buy and restore the site with a £9 million project to regenerate and revitalise it.  The trust specialises in the restoration of heritage buildings at risk of decay or demolition.  Around half of the site is leased back to Middleport Pottery who have increased production and improved working conditions.

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Victorian offices, Middleport Pottery

Tour guides at Middleport are all volunteers and Jan who took our group around the factory was professional, enthusiastic and informative.  Our tour began at the Lodge from where we explored the Victorian offices laid out just as they would have been 100 years ago, giving us a feeling of having walked back in time.

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Bottle Oven, Middleport Pottery

We learnt all about Middleport Pottery’s history and how the founders surnames of Burgess and Leigh were combined to form the brand name Burleigh in 1851.  Early production was of utility, toilet wares and dinner ware but later more complex ranges of tableware with intricate patterns were introduced for which the company is most famous.  Needing to expand, the company moved to its present location beside the Trent & Mersey canal in 1888.

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Slip House, Middleport Pottery

We explored each stage of production demonstrating how a lump of clay is transformed into a piece of pottery.  Crockery is still hand made in the traditional methods unchanged since the 1880’s.  Some of the factory workers we spoke to have spent their entire working lives there with the pottery employing generations of the same families.

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Touring the Middleport Pottery

In the mould store we viewed an amazing collection of ceramic moulds used to re-create pottery designs.  While in the slip house we observed how slip (liquid clay) is poured into a plaster cast.  The water is then drawn out into the walls of the mould leaving an inside layer of solid clay which hardens quickly and prevents shrinkage during firing.

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Intricately engraved metal plate

It was very interesting being able to observe the delicate underglaze tissue transfer technique for which Burleigh is famous.  We were shown a copper plate which is carefully engraved with intricate patterns and then fitted to a printing machine.  The inside of the roller is then heated and oil based ink passes through to print the pattern onto the tissue.

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Applying the tissue transfer to the pottery

The lengths of tissue are then hung on a line to dry after which a printed piece of tissue is selected and cut out to fit the shape of the object which were teapots at the time of our visit.  The transfers are then applied to clay that has been fired once and this is then rubbed with a stiff brush to push the ink into the clay.  The tissue paper is then washed off with the pattern remaining, ready for its final firing ensuring that the pattern is hardened on.  Burleigh is the only pottery in the world to continue to use this process which was developed in the 18th century.

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Teapot with tissue transfer applied

After completing our fascinating tour of the factory we popped into the attractive canal side cafe for a coffee, served of course on the famous Burleigh tableware.  There was still more to see on the site so before leaving we inspected the Victorian bottle kiln, original worker’s bath house and the factory’s fully restored 1888 William Boulton steam engine.

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The kiln being stacked for firing the pottery

If you are interested in visiting Middleport, you might like to plan your visit to coincide whilst the Weeping Window ceramic poppy sculptures are on display.  As part of the final year of the 14-18 NOW’s U.K. arts programme wide tour, the iconic poppies commemorating the First World War centenary will be draped over the Middleport bottle kiln.

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The famouse Burleigh pottery range on sale in the factory shop

Leaving Middleport, we just had time to fit in one more venue on the Ceramics Trail and that was the Emma Bridgewater factory in nearby Hanley.  Unlike Middleport Pottery, Emma Bridgewater is a relatively young company creating their first pieces in 1985 and moving production to their current site in 1996.

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Emma Bridgewater Factory, Hanley

The traditional Victorian factory lies alongside the Caldon canal, employing 185 people and producing 1.3 million pieces a year.  Unfortunately we didn’t have time to take a factory tour but we enjoyed walking around the site and looking in the factory shop filled with polka dot mugs for which the company is most famous.  There was a cosy cafe which even had a polka dot Aga stove and outside a cottage garden where hens roamed freely.  It was such a lovely place to end our three day visit to The Potteries.

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Emma Bridgewater iconic polka dot range of tableware

What an action packed, fun time we had visiting potteries, museums, a monkey forest and gardens.  Stoke has no end of excellent attractions, so many in fact that we would like to return to visit others that we didn’t have time for on this trip including the Spode heritage centre.

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Cafe at the Emma Bridgewater factory, Hanley

I would like to thank Visit Stoke and the attractions we visited for helping to make this short break possible but as always, all opinions are my own.

32 thoughts on “Day 3. Continuing the Ceramics Trail in Stoke-on-Trent

  1. Tremendously interesting. Those potteries are also well known amongst collectors here in the U.S., of course, and I’m pleased to have had you show us some. I wasn’t aware that the industry was continuing at such a pace that newer enterprises like Bridgewater are still opening up. It’s gratifying to see the generations of expertise still being employed. At one time, there was an extremely large pottery industry in the eastern portion of my Midwestern state, but it’s almost entirely extinct, the skills quickly dissipated and probably now unrecoverable, even if someone were to consider restarting. Thanks.

    Liked by 2 people

    1. Thanks Brad, it was indeed very interesting to be able to visit the Potteries and take the factory tours. Even here in Stoke we learnt that a large part of Wedgwood’s production now takes place in Jakarta as labour costs will be considerably less there, but it’s good that it is still flourishing in the Stoke area even on a smaller scale. Marion

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  2. I’m loving your posts on the potteries. As an American who collects different types of English ceramics, I appreciate the detailed information on your blog! I hope to visit these sites in the not-too-distant future. Do you know anything about the factories where creamware was produced? I understand the reproduction 18th and 19th century English creamware I have was made from original moulds. Thanks for your informative blog.

    Liked by 1 person

  3. Our overseas visitors are out for a quick walk so I took a peep at your page. Those are classic designs coming out of that place that find their way all around the world. Another place I would love to have visited. Thanks for taking me along for the ride.

    Liked by 1 person

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